MYTHS AND GREEN TECHNOLOGY

Myths and Green Technology

The information given out by various companies regarding their efforts to fund green innovations to improve the fuel efficiency of present and future automobiles, trucks, tractors, and other farm implements are both short sighted and often intentionally misleading. For example, the promise of electric vehicles which would be powered by the electrical grid does little to reduce overall pollution if it means that the source of the fuel to produce the electricity are coal fired plants or nuclear plants. Even the promise of clean, coal fired technology does not remove the pollution caused by the mining of coal. Likewise, the promise of hybrid cars which use both a gasoline and an electric motor are not cost effective at the present time. The State of South Carolina, along with funds provided by the EPA recently retrofitted a Chevrolet Pickup to run exclusively on hydrogen. One of the companies participating in this project was Ecotality which is currently using Jet Propulsion Laboratory(JPL) technology for hydrogen on demand to run a demonstration bus, but this technology was not used on the pickup. Instead, the project used hydrogen cylinders which were placed in the pickup bed, which basically made the bed unusable for ordinary cargo. Also participating in this project was a company that makes flywheels of carbon fibers which can turn up to 90,000 rpm, but again this technology was not incorporated in the pickup. In 1972 Scientific American reported that with a flywheel engine, made of fibers, which would operate in an evacuated chamber, it would be possible to charge up the flywheel, drive to the airport, park it for three weeks and still have enough energy to drive home. These engines would be charged at night on the electrical grid. The whole focus of the current hydrogen technology is to develop a hydrogen infrastructure whereby one could fill up at a hydrogen service station. The problem with such a scenario is that it ignores the fact that our present gasoline and diesel engines already run on hydrogen since gasoline is at least half hydrogen. Also, there are estimates that the percentage of one gallon of gasoline used by a car is only 20%. This means that the other 80% of a gallon of gasoline is wasted. The problem according to one source, is that the fuel sensors set at the factory by the new car manufacturers are intentionally not meant to provide the best mileage. If a sensor is changed with an aftermarket or alternate sensor, the mechanic can be fined as much as $250,000. The purpose of this law is obvious, do not try to increase fuel performance by altering the fuel sensor.

For those who want to change this policy, there are several things you can do to change the policies of the EPA:

1. Write or call your Senator or Representative
2. Write or call the EPA
3. Write or call the Bush Administration
4. Write or call the Governor of your state
5. Write or call your State Senators and State Representatives

Remember, the ordinary gasoline powered automobile runs on hydrogen, because gasoline is mostly hydrogen. So to create a hybrid car we only have to add a hydrogen generator to break down water into its component parts, two hydrogen molecules and one oxygen molecule. This process is accomplished attaching a hydrogen generator to the battery and generator and feeding the hydrogen and oxygen into the carberator or fuel injection system. The addition of these kits have two effects, an increase in fuel economy and a decrease in pollution. Additional hydrogen injected along with the existing gasoline increases the amount of hydrogen available to the engine, it helps the combined fuel to burn more efficiently, it cleans the engine of carbon deposits, and the emission is mostly water. It is necessary to add an after-market fuel sensor, which is usually included in the kits available on the market, and since it is an after market sensor it is legal. The cost of Hydrogen kits can run as much as about $1200 or less depending upon the size of the engine and whether it is gasoline or diesel . There are also instructions for building your own kits if you are mechanically inclined.
There are many websites advertising hydrogen generator kits so all you have to do is look up information on Brown’s Gas which is HHO. You can also learn about the History of Brown’s Gas at www.brownsgas.com.
It is important that our politicians at all levels are informed about the alternatives to oil, nuclear energy, coal, and other polluting forms of energy. Most politicians have very little scientific or technical knowledge so they are easy prey for lobbyists, particularly those with large sums of money who represent large corporations who do not want any significant changes. For example, hydrogen on demand does not require a significant change in the infrastructure. It requires water, electrical energy, and a catalyst such as sodium hydroxide(NaOH). It can be installed on any internal combustion engine, both gasoline and diesel, and with the installation of an after market fuel sensor, it can be tweaked to provide optimum fuel consumption. The best mileage is achieved with these devices at normal freeway speeds over long distances. As with any stop and go traffic, the mileage achieved is less than you will get on the open freeway.

A PARTIAL FAMILY HISTORY

I have two older sisters and a nephew who spent years compiling a history of my fraternal relatives, the Bells, and my maternal relatives, the Rankins. I was only mildly interested and would spend a small amount of time reading the genealogical record they produced. Over the past five years since I have had time to do some research of my own I have become very interested because as you read about the ancestors, you begin to understand that human history repeats in the form of triumphs, tragedies, successes and failures. We not only share genetic material but psychic tendencies as well. For example, my fraternal family came from Northern Ireland to Virginia, and began to expand south as well as west. Some were killed by the British and some by Indians. We always thought we were of Irish descent, but because of the trouble between Cromwell and James I, much of Northern Ireland was depopulated. As a result, Northern Ireland was open to settlement from Scotland. The Scots were primarily Protestant while the Irish were Catholic which later led to the killing on both sides by the Protestant and Catholic factions of Northern Ireland. When the Scots were defeated by Cromwell’s Army at the Battle of Dunbar, many of the leaders were started on a forced march to the South of England, and like the Cherokee Indians, in the forced march known as the Trail of Tears, many died during the march and during captivity. My wife’s ancestor, Ninian Beall, was one of the captured leaders of the Scots. He was sent to Barbados and served four years in prison before coming to the area now known as Washington. DC. He served five more years as an indentured servant and was given fifty acres of land at the end of his servitude. By the end of his life, he owned seven square miles of land in what is now known as Washington D.C., served as a Col in the Militia. Either he or one of his sons built the mansion that Jacquelin Kennedy lived in for a year after President John Kennedy was assassinated.

The Scots were scattered worldwide many going to Australia and the Americas. The ones staying in Great Britain, became leaders in medicine, teaching, finance and many other professions requiring advanced education. During the Cromwell era, the Royalists were scattered as well with many of them coming to Maryland and Virginia for their own safety. My first known relative, a John Bell came as a stowaway on a ship, probably to escape from Cromwell’s tyranny. He married Ann Bennett, member of a prominent Virginia family. There are two distinguishing characteristics of the early families to their new homeland, one they acquired vast tracks of land and two they had large families. My ancestor and his new wife were given a large track of land by the Bennett family. This trend continued as the families moved westward on both sides of my family and my wife’s family. Another interesting pattern was the marriage of first cousins and the marriage of two or more brothers marrying sisters in a neighboring family. My wife’s mother and two of her sisters, of the Goss family, married three brothers of the McGehee family. These same patterns happened in my family as well. Cousins born into these families are referred to as double cousins. They often have similar medical problems and other similar traits because they share more genetic material than normal cousins. I do not know if any double first cousins intermarried, but I would certainly hope not.

GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH
When my nephew, retired from teaching, he started his own genealogical business. He had much experience and was able to gather information on my wife’s family and found that our ancestors had intermarried. A McGehee married a Borum on my side of the family. I grew up in Oregon, and my wife, Doris McGehee Bell grew up in Mississippi. but we met in Oregon. My Mother grew up in Jonesboro, Arkansas and my wife’s Mother in Greenwood, Mississippi. These two communities are only 150 miles apart and both in what is known as the Mississippi Delta. However travel was limited for most families, so communications were also limited. Another limiting factor is researching ancestry are the changes in spelling. Bell and McGehee have many variations so that from one generation to another the spellings may change from Bell to Beall to Beal, etc.

Many emigrants to this country were at the mercy of the census taker whose spelling was poor or who could not understand either the dialect or the language spoken by the immigrant. If one looks at writings in early American , the spelling was not standardized.

The practice of having large families was necessary in order to manage the large tracks of land and also because so many children did not survive to adulthood. My paternal grandfather had eleven or twelve children, but only three survived. His first wife died after having nine children with one daughter surviving and one who was born blind and raised by another member of the family. He then married a second time to a young woman who was a friend of his eldest daughter and also the same age. His second wife was supposedly part Cherokee, but this is primarily oral tradition. She had two children and two miscarriages and died in her twenties. It was not uncommon for the men to have two, three or four wives by the time they died. One of the common ancestors of my wife and I have had twelve children by her mid-thirties and died. Her husband married again and had more children.

Like many families who had ancestors living in both the North and South, we very likely had family members fighting against each other. The conflict we have been having this past six years is only a continuing saga in human history. Finally, the Scots have continued the tradition of scholarly achievement in the United States and have held public offices in all branches of government and in the professions. My family has a long tradition in teaching as well as military service. If I remember this fact correctly, about two thirds of the leaders in this nation are descendants of Scots, so Cromwell may have done a great service in sending them on their way from England. I have a book of note: Sir Robert Bell and His Early Virginia Colony Descendants, by James Elton Bell and Frances Jean Bell(2007).
Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Researchby: Roseann Reinemuth Hogan
Scottish Ancestry: Research Methods for Family Historians Revised 2nd Edition
Tracing your Scottish Ancestry Third Editionby: Kathleen B. Cory, Leslie Hodgson
Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families (Royal Ancestry) by: Douglas Richardson; Kimball G. Everingham
Google Blog Search
I have my own blog, actually two blogs. I might very well consider dedicating one of those blogs to book reviews and another to genealogical research. Of course I would like to monetize them to support my hobby. I could easily start with my own library and expand from there. I have many topics in mind including reincarnation, utopian novels, zen philosophies, several books such as writings by Kahlil Gibran which are out of print but not out of mind,
I lean to reincarnation, because it is the most logical. It is not a continuation of life from one point, i.e., birth , but a continuation of past, present, and future. I would hate to think as some scientists claim that we are nothing but a combination of atoms and that thought is merely a chemical process. If you consider scientific thought and look at persons such as Einstein, or children born with information that they could not have acquired in such a short span of time, it creates doubt that we live only one life. In fact thought may be the ultimate reality.

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